Tips to stay safe and healthy as the heat and humidity climb – Spectrum News


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As the heat and humidity of summer creeps up, there are several steps you can and should take to ensure you stay healthy and safe in the coming months.
 
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 600 people die each year because of high heat and humidity.
Infants, children, athletes, people over 65, those with chronic medical conditions and those who work outdoors are all at greater risk for developing heat-related illness, health experts say. Certain medications can also make the effects of extreme heat worse.
The American Red Cross says people with heart disease, poor blood circulation, obesity and mental illness are also at an increased risk of sickness when temperatures climb.
The following tips from the ARC can help keep you safe during the hot summer months:
Experts say excessive heat can cause sunburn, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition that develops when the body systems are overwhelmed by heat and start to lose function. The ARC says it often occurs by ignoring signs of heat exhaustion.
Signs of heat exhaustion include cool, moist, pale or flushed skin, heavy sweating, headache, nausea, dizziness, weakness and exhaustion. If someone is exhibiting these symptoms, health officials say you should move them to a cooler place, remove or loosen tight clothing and spray the person with water or apply cool, wet cloths or towels to their skin. You can also fan the person and, if they are conscious, give them small amounts of cool water to drink. Make sure they drink slowly.
If the person’s condition worsens or if they refuse water, vomit or begin to lose consciousness, call 911.
Heat cramps that may occur in the legs or abdomen can be remedied by moving to a cooler place, resting, lightly stretching the affected muscle and replenishing fluids with a half a glass of cool water every 15 minutes.

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